What Could Be Causing Your Skin to Peel?

 


There are many potential causes of peeling feet. And while the peeling may be annoying and could make you feel self-conscious, especially if you’re wearing sandals or flip-flops, it’s usually treatable.

Here’s a look at some of the most common causes of peeling feet, the most effective treatment options, and other symptoms to look out for.



The skin on your feet probably takes more strain than you realize. From the irritation of tight or stuffy shoes to direct contact with contaminated surfaces to overexposure to the elements, there are many reasons why the skin on your feet may start to peel.

Below, we focus on the most common causes of peeling feet and what you can do to treat these conditions.

Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection that primarily affects the feet. It usually starts between your toes, and can affect both feet or just one.

The main symptoms of athlete’s foot include:

You can get athlete’s foot by coming into contact with the fungus that causes it. You can get it through direct contact with someone who has athlete’s foot, or by touching surfaces that are contaminated with the fungus.

Because the fungus thrives in moist, warm places, it’s often found on floors in locker rooms, showers, and around swimming pools.

Athlete’s foot is contagious. The fungus can easily be picked up from the floor if you’re walking with bare feet. You can also get it from shared socks or towels.

It can also develop on your feet if they get too warm or sweaty. This is more likely to happen if your shoes aren’t well ventilated or your socks don’t absorb moisture well.

Treatment

If you think you have athlete’s foot, you can try an over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal medication. If that doesn’t work, see your doctor. They can prescribe an antifungal medication that’s more powerful.

Prevention

You can help prevent athlete’s foot by:

  • keeping your feet dry
  • changing your socks regularly
  • wearing shoes or flip-flops in public places, such as locker rooms and pools
  • not wearing the same pair of shoes every day
  • wearing shoes that provide ventilation
  • not sharing shoes, socks, or towels with others
  • using talcum powder on your feet if they get sweaty
  • Dry skin is usually rough, scaly, and itchy. It’s also easily irritated, which can lead to peeling.

    In some cases, dry skin may have an underlying medical cause, but some people just have naturally dry skin. Whether or not you have an underlying condition, dry skin on your feet can be caused or made worse by:

    Treatment

    Treatment options for dry, peeling skin on your feet includes:

    • frequently using a moisturizer, especially right after bathing, when your skin is damp; look for moisturizers that are free of fragrance and dyes
    • applying an OTC hydrocortisone cream to the affected skin
    • increasing the moisture in the air with a humidifier
    • using mild soaps that won’t irritate your skin
    • bathing in water that’s lukewarm, not hot

Eczema is a type of skin condition. There are several types, but atopic dermatitis is the most common.

Eczema can occur anywhere on your body. Although it’s more common on the arms, elbows, back of the knees, and scalp, it can also develop on your feet.

The main symptoms of eczema typically include:

  • a red, itchy rash, which is the most common symptom
  • dry, itchy skin
  • peeling
  • cracked skin
  • skin infections

Eczema may go through periods of flare-ups, where the symptoms get worse for a period of time, but then get better in between flare-ups. It’s not contagious, and it may, in some cases, become less severe with age.

The cause of eczema is unknown. It’s most likely a mix of genetics and other factors. People with allergies and asthma are more likely to have eczema.

Treatment

Treatment for eczema includes:

  • antihistamine medications
  • topical medications, which may include steroid creams
  • moisturizers
  • phototherapy (light therapy)
  • drugs that target the immune system
  • oral steroids, but only in severe cases

Psoriasis is a chronic disease that causes raised, red patches with silvery scales. These patches may hurt or itch, but there are usually no other physical symptoms. They can happen anywhere on your body. The soles of the feet are commonly affected.

The patches caused by psoriasis are an overgrowth of skin cells. The cause is unknown, but psoriasis is most likely an immune condition. Genetics likely plays a role as well.

The patches usually come and go, but psoriasis is a lifelong condition. Flare-ups are more common:

  • in the winter
  • after an infection, such as strep throat
  • when you’re stressed
  • after drinking alcohol
  • when your skin is irritated

Treatment

Treatment for psoriasis typically includes:

  • topical corticosteroids to reduce the scaly patches
  • moisturizers
  • salicylic acid
  • phototherapy, especially if large areas of the skin are affected
  • immunosuppressants or biologics, if the condition is severe or other treatments don’t work

Stress Relief: How to Give Your Brain a Vacation

 


But it can be tough to find time to relax, especially if you live in a work-centric country like America. The average American works eight more hours per week than the average Brit does. That’s an entire day of work. [3] Only one in four Americans will get a paid vacation this year in contrast to our European Union counterparts, who are legally promised at least 20 paid vacation days per year. [4]



On top of that, a 2011 UC study revealed that we take in the about 174 newspapers’ worth of information daily. That’s five times more information than we were exposed to in 1986. [5] We’re constantly bombarded with texts, tweets, updates, reminders, and all kinds of other distractions that demand our attention.

Bulletproof is all about optimizing your body so it functions best, and giving yourself time to relax and enjoy yourself is an essential part of that. Read on to learn about what happens to your brain when you overwork it – and how you can hack your habits to increase your productivity and decrease your stress.

Your brain doesn’t work when it’s overloaded

Studies suggest that different parts of your brain work when you’re giving your full attention and when you’re daydreaming. [6] It can seem like your brain does all the heavy lifting when you’re focused, but when you let your mind wander and your creativity and introspection thrive. When you’re resting your brain is still hard at work processing new information, resolving tensions or stressful situations, affirming your identities and ethics, and to giving you a deeper understanding of your behavior. [7] That’s why you may feel like inspiration hits when you’re daydreaming or zoning out.

One reason constant work and distractions can burn you out is the tax they place on your insula, a part of your brain that regulates attention. The insula activates when you switch your attention from one task to another – checking your phone in the middle of a meeting, for example. If you’re working too hard, or attending to too many tasks at once, your insula burns out. It can’t regulate your attention well, and you have trouble focusing. Studies at Stanford and McGill suggest that the massive flow of inconsequential information you take in every day taxes your insula and leaves you struggling to focus. [6]

How to make your rest more efficient

Slowing down now and then gives your brain a rest, and building down time into your day can actually help you get more done than you would if you were overworking yourself. Relaxing can:

  • Boost productivity
  • Build creativity
  • Sharpen memory
  • Improve reaction time
  • Foster happiness

Check out my top hacks for daily brain renewal:

Take a nap

A 7- to 10-minute nap can improve your alertness for up to 3 hours, and the short duration means the nap won’t interfere with your sleep. [8] Anything longer than 20-30 minutes can just make you more tired, though, so stick to a quick snooze. For even better results try a Bulletproof coffee nap.

Let your mind wander

Jonathan Schooler, a pioneer researcher of daydreams and mind wandering at UC, Santa Barbara, has shown that people who daydream do better on tests and that daydreaming increases creativity. [9] Schooler takes “dream walks” regularly: for 20 minutes, two times per week, he takes a walk and allows himself to daydream. You can try it too. Walk around lost in your thoughts now and then. Let your mind wander – you might be surprised by what it brings you. Albert Einstein envisioned himself running along a light wave—a dream that led to his theory of relativity.

Meditate

Meditation decreases excessive brain activity. [10] It also increases alpha brain waves that are associated with creativity and relaxation.

  • Regular meditation calms down signaling between your medial prefrontal cortex and insula, relieving feelings of fear, anxiety, and stress and allowing you to address them from a more rational perspective. [11]
  • At the same time, meditation strengthens the connection between the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and the insula, increasing your empathy and facilitating positive interaction with those around you. [11]

Take a walk in nature

An interesting new study on the physical and mental effects of the brain being in nature reveals the positive benefits of walking in nature, even if it’s a city park. The study volunteers found that they did not dwell on the negative aspects of their lives. [12] Try walking among the trees if you’re feeling worn out. Bonus points if you daydream on the walk, too.

Upgrade your sleep

Quality sleep is one of the most fundamental means to improve brain function. Forty-eight percent of American report that they’re sleep deprived. [13] Improved sleep is one of the most Bulletproof biohacks. Check out detailed posts on sleep hacks here and here, as well as this popular podcast around the art and science of sleeping.

Try listening to your ultradian rhythm cycle

The late physiologist Nathaniel Kleitman, who discovered REM (the progression from light to deep sleep every 90 minutes), also found a parallel rhythm during your time awake. Many people go from an alert state to a less optimal one every 90 minutes. It’s in that less optimal state that your body sends you signals from hunger, loss of focus, drowsiness to restlessness. Rather than using willpower to overcome those moments, take a short break to reset the cycle. You can even use a “take a break app” like AwarenessTime Out Free, or Break Time to remind you to relax.

Upgrade your nutrition and supplements

Your mind runs well when your neurons signal one another quickly. Getting high quality fats from foods like MCT oil, avocado, chocolate, grass-fed beef, and wild-caught fish can help your neurons communicate efficiently, [14] and avoiding foods that promote inflammation or harbor toxins can protect you from mental fatigue. For more about nutrition that boosts your performance check out the Bulletproof Diet Roadmap.

Supplements like vitamin D can also upgrade your brain. Here’s our list of top Bulletproof supplements (including dosages and brands we recommend).

 

When it comes to work, less can be more. If you feel tired all day and your work quality is suffering, try taking some time for yourself. You might find that you get more done and stress yourself out less.



source:https://blog.daveasprey.com/stress-relief-how-to-give-your-brain-a-vacation/

What to Eat When You Have Diarrhea



Diarrhea, or having more than three loose or watery stools per day, can happen for a variety of reasons. While it’s uncomfortable and unpleasant, diarrhea can usually be managed at home with rest, plenty of fluids, and the easily digested foods that make up the diarrhea diet.



Benefits

If you have diarrhea and other symptoms (like nausea, abdominal cramping, and bloating), temporarily following a limited diet of easily digested foods reduces stress on your digestive system and gives your bowels a chance to rest, so you can recover. The diarrhea diet also encourages you to restore your body’s fluid and electrolyte balance.

Simple food choices decrease the amount of waste or residue in your colon, meaning you’ll have fewer and less frequent bowel movements. The slower transit time reduces diarrhea and helps your body stay nourished. (When food is moving through your digestive tract too quickly, it’s harder for your intestines to pull out all the nutrients.)

The diarrhea diet has a lot in common with the well-known BRAT diet, which is used for a variety of gastrointestinal concerns. BRAT is an acronym for bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. You’ll find these items along with others on the list of approved diarrhea-diet foods.

How It Works

The foods in the diarrhea diet are simple. The idea, again, is to give your body the break it needs. It may help to remember that you only need to follow the diet temporarily—and that diverting from the eating plan will likely only worsen and/or prolong your symptoms.


One area you'll likely be making changes is how much fiber you eat each day. It's important to remember that, though the diarrhea diet involves cutting back on fiber, it is still an important part of your diet. The task will be finding the right amount of fiber for optimum health without making your symptoms worse.

Duration

You will probably only need to stick to the diarrhea diet for a few days—a good thing, especially since compliant foods don’t supply enough nutritional variety for this eating plan to be considered healthy long term.

As you begin to feel better, you can start easing back into a well-rounded diet of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. You may need a week to 14 days to fully transition back to your normal diet.

What to Eat

Compliant Food
  • White bread or toast

  • Broth

  • Coconut water

  • Plain pasta

  • White potato (peeled)

  • Bananas

  • White rice

  • Canned pears

  • Farina

  • Applesauce

  • Eggs (soft-cooked)

  • Low-fat yogurt

  • Chicken breast (skinless)

  • Soda crackers

  • Decaffeinated tea (weakly brewed)

  • Pretzels

Non-Compliant Foods
  • Dairy products (except yogurt)

  • Fried, fatty, or spicy meat

  • Whole grains

  • Nuts and seeds

  • Beans and legumes

  • Raw vegetables

  • Corn

  • Onion and garlic

  • Potato chips

  • Sugar-free candy or gum

  • Cabbage and broccoli

  • Dried fruit

  • Nut butters

  • Carbonated drinks

  • Coffee

  • Citrus fruit and juice

  • Alcohol


















Ten Reasons to Keep a First-Aid Kit in Your Home and Office

 

Accidents and injuries can occur anywhere – at home, at the workplace, while driving or while participating in sports events. They are not wished for but they do happen. Hence, it is essential to be prepared for such medical emergencies.

Keeping a first-aid kit at home and in the office can help you respond effectively to common injuries and emergencies.



Here are the top ten reasons to keep a first-aid kit at your home and office:

1.Treat Injuries Quickly:

First-aid kits help you handle the medical emergencies as quickly as possible. In an emergency, a delay of just a single minute can cause irreconcilable damage. These kits offer basic and instant care for common medical injuries like injuries, burns, cuts etc.

 

2.Pickering Safety Can Build Kits Custom for Your Home or Workplace:

Pickering Safety first-aid kits are customizable. If you work in a particular niche, we can build a first-aid kit that contains suitable emergency equipment. We provide first-aid kits to a wide array of businesses and professionals in the medical industry, police force and many businesses throughout the Lower Mainland.

 

3.Everything You Need in One Place:

A first-aid kit contains all vital medical products in one easy location. So, in case of emergency, you do not have to waste valuable time assembling the appropriate medical items.

 

4.Less Risk of Complication:

A well-equipped first-aid kit, in most cases, can prevent further complication with the injury or medical condition. Keeping a medical kit handy can be cost effective because it’s less likely a wound treated immediately with a first-aid kit will require complex attention in the future.

 

5.Very Compact Package:

First-aid kits contain all the essential medical contents in a very compact package. You can really take a first-aid kit with you anywhere, whether you’re travelling or living/working in a small space. There’s really no excuse not to keep one on hand!

 

6.Keep Antibiotics Within Arms Reach:

In case of a cut, it’s imperative to use antibiotics as soon as possible to prevent infection. Pickering Safety First-Aid Kits contain basic antibiotic ointments to be used in emergencies.

 

7.Stop Blood Loss Immediately:

Sometimes injuries are messy. Applying gauze and bandage immediately will stop the blood loss. It’s difficult to stop blood loss efficiently without the proper medical products on hand and prolonged blood loss can be quite dangerous.

 

8.Relieve the Pain of a Burn Instantly:

If a burn or scald occurs, first-aid treatment should be applied to the affected area as quickly as possible. The goal is to relieve the pain and prevent further damage. Our Second Skin products make particularly useful additions to any first-aid kit.

 

9.Prevent the Discomfort of Skin Irritation or Bug Bites:

Wounds and insect bites can be tremendously uncomfortable, if handled immediately and carefully with the appropriate first-aid treatments, the irritation can heal faster and in a more effective way. This will prevent scarring!

 

10.Be a Helping Hand to a Child or Friend:

If nothing else convinces you – keep in mind that the people around you may not be as prepared as you are. Your first-aid kit may come in handy if anyone around you experiences any of the injuries mentioned above. Kids and elderly people are most susceptible to injuries and accidents. First-aid kits act as an indispensable medical item for all.


source:https://www.pickeringsafety.com/blog/10-reasons-to-keep-a-first-aid-kit-in-your-home-and-office/


Birth control and family planning

 


Your choice of a birth control method depends on a number of factors, including your health, how often you have sex, and whether or not you want children.




Information

Here are some questions to consider when selecting a birth control method:

  • How well does the method prevent pregnancy? To tell how well a method works, look at the number of pregnancies in 100 women using that method over a period of 1 year.
  • What are your feelings about getting pregnant? Would an unplanned pregnancy create hardship or distress to a woman or her partner? Or would a pregnancy be welcomed if it occurred earlier than planned?
  • How much does a method of birth control cost? Does your insurance plan pay for it?
  • What are the health risks? Talk about these risks with your health care provider before believing what you hear from others.
  • Is your partner willing to accept and use a given method of birth control?
  • Do you want a method that you only need to use when you have sex? Or do you want something that is in place and always working?
  • Is preventing infections spread by sexual contact important? Many methods do not protect you from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Condoms are the best choice for preventing STIs. They work best when combined with spermicides.
  • Availability: Can the method be used without a prescription, a provider visit, or, in the case of minors, parental consent?

BARRIER METHODS OF BIRTH CONTROL

CONDOMS

  • A diaphragm is a flexible rubber cup that is filled with spermicidal cream or jelly.
  • It is placed into the vagina over the cervix before intercourse, to prevent sperm from reaching the uterus.
  • It should be left in place for 6 to 8 hours after intercourse.
  • Diaphragms must be prescribed by a woman's provider. The provider will determine the correct type and size of diaphragm for the woman.
  • About 5 to 20 pregnancies occur over 1 year in 100 women using this method, depending on proper use.
  • A similar, smaller device is called a cervical cap.
  • Risks include irritation and allergic reactions to the diaphragm or spermicide, and increased frequency of urinary tract infection and vaginal yeast infection. In rare cases, toxic shock syndrome may develop in women who leave the diaphragm in too long. A cervical cap may cause an abnormal Pap test.

VAGINAL SPONGE:

  • Vaginal contraceptive sponges are soft, and contain a chemical that kills or "disables" sperm.
  • The sponge is moistened and inserted into the vagina, to cover over the cervix before intercourse.
  • The vaginal sponge can be bought at your pharmacy without a prescription.

HORMONAL METHODS OF BIRTH CONTROL

Some birth control methods use hormones. They will have either both an estrogen and a progestin, or a progestin alone. You need a prescription for most hormonal birth control methods.

  • Both hormones prevent a woman’s ovary from releasing an egg during her cycle. They do this by affecting the levels of other hormones the body makes.
  • Progestins help prevent sperm from making their way to the egg by making mucus around a woman’s cervix thick and sticky.
  • A diaphragm is a flexible rubber cup that is filled with spermicidal cream or jelly.
  • It is placed into the vagina over the cervix before intercourse, to prevent sperm from reaching the uterus.
  • It should be left in place for 6 to 8 hours after intercourse.
  • Diaphragms must be prescribed by a woman's provider. The provider will determine the correct type and size of diaphragm for the woman.
  • About 5 to 20 pregnancies occur over 1 year in 100 women using this method, depending on proper use.
  • A similar, smaller device is called a cervical cap.
  • Risks include irritation and allergic reactions to the diaphragm or spermicide, and increased frequency of urinary tract infection and vaginal yeast infection. In rare cases, toxic shock syndrome may develop in women who leave the diaphragm in too long. A cervical cap may cause an abnormal Pap test.
  • VAGINAL SPONGE:

    • Vaginal contraceptive sponges are soft, and contain a chemical that kills or "disables" sperm.
    • The sponge is moistened and inserted into the vagina, to cover over the cervix before intercourse.
    • The vaginal sponge can be bought at your pharmacy without a prescription.

    HORMONAL METHODS OF BIRTH CONTROL

    Some birth control methods use hormones. They will have either both an estrogen and a progestin, or a progestin alone. You need a prescription for most hormonal birth control methods.

    • Both hormones prevent a woman’s ovary from releasing an egg during her cycle. They do this by affecting the levels of other hormones the body makes.
    • Progestins help prevent sperm from making their way to the egg by making mucus around a woman’s cervix thick and sticky.