Endometriosis: A Disorder in Women That Could Lead to Infertility

Endometriosis is a female health disorder that can lead to infertility. It is a gynecological condition that makes the tissues line inside of the uterus, the endometrial grows outside of the uterus. It most commonly involves the ovaries, fallopian tubes, tissues that hold the uterus in place, outer surface of the uterus and the lining of the pelvic cavity. Women who are likely to get endometriosis are those who has never had children, menstrual period that last for more than seven days, short menstrual cycles (27 days or less), a problem that prevents normal passage of menstrual blood flow and damage to the cells in the pelvis from an infection.

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Endometriosis is often associated with pain and could lead to infertility. Endometriosis affect one in 10 women and it is the most common with women with infertility problem. The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown. I must say that women suffering from this health conditions need all the support they can get be-it emotional, psychological, physical, material and spiritual as this condition has a significant social and psychological impact. The sufferer may feel many emotions- sadness, fright, anger confusion and loneliness. At the moment there is no cure for endometriosis but it can be treated in variety of ways. Treatment will be decided by the patient after discussion with your gynecologist. The treatment you will choose  will depend on some of these:

* your age,

* whether your main symptom is pain or difficulty getting pregnant,

* whether you want to become pregnant (some treatments may stop you
getting pregnant such as hysterectomy),

* how you feel about surgery,

* whether you have tried any of the treatments before.

Treating Endometriosis

1. Pain medication: This are non-steriodal anti-inflamatories (NSAIDs) drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen

2. Hormone Treatments: Hormone treaments are administered to limit or stop the production of oestrogen in your body. This is done because oestrogen promotes the endometriosis to thrive. When there is no exposure to oestrogen, the endometriosis tissue tend to reduce, which help ease the symptoms. However hormone treatment might not improve fertility. Hormones come in many forms, including pills, shots and nasal spray. Hormone treatment is best for women with small growths who do not have bad a pain.

3. Surgery: Surgery can be used to remove or destroy areas of endometriosis tissue, which can help improve symptoms and fertility. The kind of surgery you have will depend on where the tissue is. The options are:

* Laparoscopy (the most commonly used and least invasive technique)

* Laparotomy

* Hysterectomy

* Laparoscopic surgery, also known as keyhole surgery. During laparoscopic surgery, fine instruments are used to apply heat, a laser, an electric current (diathermy) or a beam of special helium gas to the patches of tissue to destroy or remove them. The goal is to treat endometriosis without harming the healthy tissue around it.
The procedure is carried out under general  anaesthetic, so you will be asleep during the procedure and won't feel any pain as it is carried out. With this surgery there will be no need to use medications long term.

* Laparotomy is a major addominal surgery that involves a much larger cut in the abdomen than with laparoscopy. This allows the doctor to reach and remove the growths of endometrosis in the pelvis and abdomen.

* Hysterectomy is a surgey in which the doctor removes the uterus. The ovaries too can as well be removed to ensure that endometriosis will not return. This is done when endometriosis have severely damage these organs. A woman cannot get pregnant after this surgery, so it could be considered as last resort. Some women grieve for uterus loss so please try and show love to any woman out there that has gone through this ordeal.

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