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High blood pressure can lead to various complications and increase the risk of stroke and heart diseases. Many people do not know they have high blood pressure because they may not experience any symptoms. For some they manifest symptoms and this may include persistent headache, blurred vision, nausea, chest pain, dyspnea and nose bleeding.
What causes high blood pressure?
Many factors are involved. Some these factors can be control while some cannot be control. Family history can be responsible. If a person has relatives with high blood pressure there is increased risk of suffering from the disease. This genetic factor cannot be control. Age is another factor. The older your are the higher the risk. Although these days cases of hypertension have been recorded among younger adult and children. High blood pressure is more observed in black males and is more common in older males than older females. But at certain age both sexes are equally susceptible.
Factors that can be control that does lead to high blood pressure are enumerated here. Smoking can cause hypertension. Smoking shrink the blood vessels causing high blood pressure. Sedentary lifestyle or lack of physical activities also contributes to high blood pressure. Consuming too much salt can boost high blood pressure. Consuming food with excess fats will make the internal walls of the blood vessels to clog with cholesterol, thus reducing their caliber and increasing blood pressure. Obesity, mental stress, excessive alcohol indulgence are other factors which can be control that does leads to high blood pressure. Some drugs can also boost blood pressure such as antacids high in sodium, nasal decongestants etc.
Prevention And Control
knowing the possible factors that can cause hypertension, what should be done?
*. Reduce salt intake.
*. Cut down alcohol consumption.
*. Quit smoking.
*. Avoid foods with high fats.
*. Avoid being overweight.
*. Avoid chronic stress both mental and physical.
*. Exercise regularly.
*. Avoid medications that can aggravate blood pressure.
*. Eat foods with high potassium and calcium, they help lower blood pressure.
Read: Foods That Can Help Control Your Blood Pressure
In summary, always check your blood pressure regularly and maintain a healthful lifestyle. Keep your blood pressure under control and live long!